The Ultimate Event Industry Glossary

event industry glossary

Alternating currents, biedermeier, banjo cloths…huh? 

Every industry has its own jargon, and the event rental industry is no exception. A lighting wiz’s everyday language might sound like nonsense to her clients or even other event professionals.

That’s why we’ve created this event industry glossary. Whether you’re an aspiring entrepreneur with aspirations of joining the events industry, an established rental company looking to improve employee communication, or even a curious customer seeking to understand more, Goodshuffle Pro has you covered. 

This reference guide contains all of the essential terms, acronyms, and phrases regularly used in the event rental industry — so you’ll be speaking like a florist, DJ, or tent expert in no time at all.

We’re committed to continuously updating this guide to ensure it remains relevant and valuable to you. Bookmark this page, and let our ever-growing glossary be your trusted companion on your events journey.

event party rental companies

Event/Party Rental Companies


Event and party rental companies provide a wide range of rental items for events and parties, including:

  • Tents
  • Chairs
  • Tables
  • Linens
  • Dinnerware
  • Food and beverage equipment
  • And so much more

They’ll procure the equipment needed to create a great ambience—with the end goal of putting on lively, successful events. Party rental companies cater to various occasions, including weddings, corporate events, and private parties, offering customizable packages to meet clients’ specific needs and preferences.

2-Way Moving Assets

Two-way moving assets are equipment transported directly from an event back to the warehouse.

3-Way Moving Assets

Three-way moving assets are equipment planned to move from an event to a Quality Control center before returning to the warehouse.

Advance Order

Advance orders are reservations or orders placed prior to the event.


Agents are representatives that act on behalf of an entertainer, responsible for coordinating appearances, performances, or shows. 

Air Walls

Air walls are movable panels used to subdivide spaces within a larger venue. They are typically used in large spaces such as conference rooms, hotel ballrooms, auditoriums, etc.

Acts of God

Acts of God are unforeseeable events beyond human control that may affect the execution of an event, such as natural disasters, for which no party can be held accountable. 

A La Carte

A la carte refers to individual products or services that can be purchased separately rather than as part of a package.

Audiovisual (A/V)

Audiovisual (A/V) refers to equipment and services related to audio and visual elements of an event. This can include sound systems, projectors, screens, lighting, and other technology used to enhance the audio and visual experience for the audience.


Amenities refer to enhancements or additional services offered to elevate the live-event experience, such as elements like catering, decorations, or entertainment options.

Attrition Rate

Attrition rate represents the speed at which a company loses its customers or clients within a specific time frame, often quantified as a percentage.


Business-to-business (B2B) transactions involve the exchange of goods or services between two businesses. For example, an event rental planning company rents lighting, sound equipment, and projectors from the A/V company for a large-scale corporate event or a conference.


Business-to-consumer (B2C) transactions involve the exchange of goods or services between a business and individual consumers. For example, a couple rents a bar and a DJ booth from an event rental company for their wedding.


Barcodes are machine readable codes that serve as a unique identifier for inventory management, aiding in efficient tracking and optimizing operations within the industry.


Backdrop refers to a decorative background used to enhance the visual appeal of a specific area. Whether it be a cloth backdrop hung for stage performances, or branded backdrops for corporate events, backdrops serve as a visually striking and thematic element that sets the tone and atmosphere for the occasion.

BEO (Banquet Event Order) 

A BEO (Banquet Event Order) is a document that meticulously outlines all the essential details of an event, serving as a vital tool for both event planners and venue staff. It includes crucial information such as items, services, timing, and more, and is commonly used at event facilities to formalize agreements and ensure clear communication between all parties involved.

Bid Document 

A bid document is a proposal submitted from a potential vendor that details the services offered, including requirements, specifications, estimated costs, and terms.

Blackout Date

Blackout date refers to a date or time period on which specific services, items, or venues are not available for booking, usually coinciding with peak travel seasons and holidays.


Block refers to a reserved group of rooms or seats set aside for a specific event or client.

Book Value

Book value is the value of an asset as recorded in a company’s books, often for depreciation purposes. Book value of an asset = initial purchase price – accumulated depreciation.


See: Load Out

CAD Renderings 

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Renderings, are digital visualizations or representations of designs created using computer software. In the context of event planning, CAD renderings are often used to provide a realistic and detailed preview of how a particular setup or design will look in a given space. Event professionals use CAD software to create 2D or 3D models of event layouts, including elements such as furniture placement, decorations, lighting, and other design aspects.

Call Sheet

A call sheet is a document outlining the schedule and details for event setup, operation, and teardown. It may include details such as the event schedule, date, time, location, contact information, and any specific instructions.

Cancellation Clause

A cancellation clause is the terms included in a contract specifying conditions and fees related to canceling a reservation or order.


A carnet is a document or license permitting the transportation of rental equipment or materials across borders without incurring customs duties or taxes.


A centerpiece is a decorative item placed at the center of tables.

Chafing Dish

A chafing dish is a heated dish used for keeping food warm during an event.


Charter refers to the rental of a vehicle solely for a particular group or event.

Check List

See: Pull sheet

Chevron Seating

Chevron seating is a seating arrangement where chairs or tables are arranged in a V-shape.

Chiavari Chair

A chiavari chair, renowned for its elegance and lightweight design, is crafted from wood, resin, or aluminum. It has gained significant popularity within the event rental industry owing to its versatility and convenience, making it a favored choice for various occasions and gatherings.

Classroom Seating

Classroom seating is a seating arrangement similar to a classroom, with rows of tables and chairs facing the front.

Certified Meeting Professional (CMP)

A Certified Meeting Professional (CMP), is a recognized professional certification for individuals in the meeting, events, and conventions industry that allows individuals to promote their status and credibility.

Cocktail Table

Cocktail table refers to a high table typically used for standing and socializing.


Count refers to the cumulative count of attendees present at any given moment during an event.

Cut Off Date

Cut off date refers to the deadline set by a facility or venue for releasing a reserved block of rooms or space that has been held for a particular event or group. After this date, unbooked rooms or space are returned to the venue’s inventory, allowing them to be made available for other bookings.

Cut Off Time

The time by which unguaranteed reservations must be filled or face cancellation.

Damage Waiver

A damage waiver is a mutually agreed-upon contract between the rental company and the renter, whereby renters pay a fee to safeguard against potential damages to the rented items.

Day Delegate Rate (DDR)

A Daily Delegate Rate (DDR) is a package rate that includes various services and amenities for a day-long event.

Delivery Fee

Delivery fee is the cost associated with delivering rental items to an event venue.


Depreciation is the decline in the worth of rental equipment or assets over time as a result of usage, aging, wear and tear, or becoming obsolescence.


A deposit is a partial payment made in advance to secure the fulfillment of a product or service.


Drayage is a service that handles the transportation of rental equipment from one location to another. This includes loading, unloading and storage.

Dry Hire 

Dry hire refers to renting equipment without additional services like setup or operation.

EDT (Estimated Departure Time)

EDT (Estimated Departure Time) is the anticipated time when rented items are scheduled to depart from a specific location.

ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival)

ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) is the expected time when rental items are predicted to arrive at a location.

Electronic Signature

An electronic signature is a digital representation of a person’s handwritten signature used to sign documents or contracts to streamline rental agreements.

Equipment Group

An equipment group is a category or classification of similar rental items.

Equipment Rental Agreement

An equipment rental agreement is a formal contract between two parties specifying the terms and conditions of renting equipment. This may include the type and quantity of equipment being rented, the rental period, the rental rate, any applicable taxes or fees, and the responsibilities of both parties.

Equipment Rental Software

Equipment rental software, like Goodshuffle Pro, is a valuable tool that empowers event rental companies to efficiently manage inventory and streamline bookings, allowing companies to maintain control over their rental equipment.

Equipment Tracking

Equipment tracking refers to monitoring the location, status, and usage of rental items.

Event Production

Event production is the comprehensive process of planning and executing an event, encompassing both technical and logistical elements to ensure a successful and seamless experience for all involved. This can involve coordinating sound and lighting equipment, managing vendor relationships, overseeing stage design, and handling any unexpected challenges that may arise during the event. 

Event Order

See: BEO (Banquet Event Order)


Terms used interchangeably to refer to a planned event for a client. Examples include weddings, galas, corporate events, and more. A wedding vendor would call it an “Event”, a linen company would say “Order”, tent company would say “Job”, while a A/V company would use “gig”


Factor is a multiplier applied to a base rate to determine the total cost. This is used to calculate the rate for a usage period longer than 1 day. 

Fixed Seating

Fixed seating is permanent or unmovable seating within a venue.

Flat Rate

Flat rate is a fixed, predetermined cost for a specific product or service.


Flatware refers to utensils such as knives, forks, and spoons.

Flight Case

A flight case is a heavy-duty case designed to protect equipment during transport.


Flute is a type of glassware often used for serving champagne.

Force Majeure Clause

Force majeure clause is a section in a contract that limits liability in the event of unforeseen or uncontrollable occurrences, such as natural disasters, government regulations, strikes, etc. The parties are excused from fulfilling their duties under the contract in case an exceptional event or circumstance beyond their control hinders them from doing so.

Function Group

Function group refers to the grouping or categorization of rental items or equipment according to their distinct purpose or intended use.

Function Sheet

See: BEO (Banquet Event Order)


Glassware is the various types of glass containers, such as cups, glasses, or stemware, used for serving beverages during events.

Herringbone Seating

See: Chevron Seating

Hidden Charge

Hidden charge refers to additional fees or costs that are not explicitly disclosed or apparent in the initial pricing.

High Season

See: Peak Season

Hollow Square Seating

Hollow square seating is a seating arrangement where tables are arranged in a square shape with an open space in the center.

Horseshoe Seating

Horseshoe seating is organized in a U-shaped configuration with rounded corners, and chairs can be positioned either on the outer or inner side of the table arrangement.

Interactive Technologies

Interactive technologies refer to systems or devices that actively engage and involve attendees during events. Users can communicate with them in a two-way manner. Examples include interactive kiosks, virtual reality, or touchscreens


Inventory is the complete list of items or goods that a business possesses or manages. 

Inventory Counting

Inventory counting involves the methodical and routine task of checking and confirming inventory quantities to guarantee precision and avoid inconsistencies. This essential process ensures that your business can meet customer demands promptly and accurately by examining each item for quality and quantity to maintain sufficient stock levels.


An invoice is an itemized list of services and costs provided to the client or customer. It outlines the items or services, their quantities, and their respective prices for a rental booking. This document serves as a transaction record and is utilized for accounting, billing, and processing payments.


An inquiry is the initial communication from a customer seeking information about the availability, pricing, terms, or specifics about renting a particular item or service for their event.

Inclusive Rates

Inclusive rates refer to pricing that includes all associated costs, such as service fees, gratuities and taxes.


See: Packages

Lead Time

Lead time is the duration between receiving an initial rental booking request and the actual event date.

Liability Insurance

Liability insurance is coverage protecting the rental business from claims resulting from injuries or property damages to third parties.

Liability Waiver

A liability waiver is a legal document signed by participants or clients acknowledging and accepting specific risks, releasing the business from liability for any potential injuries or damages that may occur during an event.

Line Item Groups

Line item groups refers to the categorization of items or services in a list. They are often utilized to create an organized proposal for clients while staying organized on the backend. With Goodshuffle Pro, creating a line item group allows you to assign rentals to specific rooms or areas, assign inventory for times/parts of the event (e.g. Ceremony, cocktail hour, reception, etc.) and assign varying rental periods to inventory (e.g. A 3-day tent rental or a 1-day lounge rental).


Linen is a type of cloth or fabric, like tablecloths or napkins, used for decorating and covering tables during events.

Load In

Load in refers to the process of bringing in and arranging equipment or items for an event in a specified time period.

Load List 

See: Pull Sheet

Load Out

Load out refers to the process of disassembling and removing equipment or items after an event in a specified time period.


Logistics is the coordination and organization of various aspects of an event, including transportation, setup, and scheduling.

Low Season

See: Off Season


MICE, an acronym representing Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions/Events, is a term employed to characterize the industry centered around business events and conferences.

NFC (Near Field Communication)

Near field communication (NFC) is technology facilitating wireless communication between devices in close proximity, enabling data transfer.

Off Season

Off season refers to a period of reduced demand or activity, typically characterized by lower rental rates.

Overhead Projector (OHP)

An overhead projector (OHP) is a device that projects images or text onto a screen or wall as part of a live-event presentation.


Outsourcing involves delegating specific tasks or services to external vendors, rather than handling them in-house. 

Overnight Rentals

Overnight rentals are equipment or venues that are available to rent for an extended duration of time, including overnight use.


Packages are combined offerings that include various services or items at a single price. Packages allow you to group your items that are a set, frequently rented together, or even pre-staged “rooms” together so you don’t have to add items one by one. 

PA System

PA system, short for public address system, is equipment used to help amplify and distribute sound or announcements to a large audience during live events such as concerts, conferences, and more.

Packing Slip

A packing slip is a document detailing the rented items included in the shipment.

Peak Season

Peak season is a period of increased demand or activity, typically characterized by higher rental rates. 

Per Diem

Per Diem is a latin term that translates to “by the day”, referring to the daily allowance or rate for expenses.

Per Diems

“Per diems” is the plural form, often used to describe the collective or total amount of daily allowances.

Per Person

Per person is the pricing for each guest/attendee.


See: Pull sheet

Planned Availability

Planned availability refers to the quantity of rental items available at a given time, accounting for equipment that is unavailable due to repairs, but not including reserved items.

Planning Period

The planning period is the timeframe in which equipment is marked as unavailable, except for the specific project it has been booked for.

Plus Plus (&&)

The plus plus “&&” symbol is used to label tax and gratuities when they are not included in the price.


Polyester is a type of fabric often used for linens and drapes in event décor.

Post-Event Report

A post-event report is a thorough overview or evaluation of an event, encompassing feedback from attendees, performance metrics, and suggestions for improvement.


A proposal is a formal document outlining the details and terms of a potential rental or event.

Pro Forma Invoice

A pro forma invoice is an estimated invoice given to the client or customer before the event rental service is completed.

Pull List

See: Pull Sheet

Pull Sheet

A pull sheet is a list of all inventory and/or services required to fulfill an order or event. 

QR Code

A QR code is a 2D barcode used to store and retrieve information quickly. It enables instant access to details like rental item specifications, pricing, or website links.


A quote is an estimate or proposal detailing the costs, services, and terms for an equipment rental booking or event production due for a client’s approval.

Rental Request

A rental request is a formal request from a client or customer indicating a desire to rent event equipment or services.

Rental Shortage

A rental shortage is the circumstance in which a rental business lacks a sufficient quantity of available equipment or resources to meet all booking requests.

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)

RFID, Radio Frequency Identification, is technology that utilizes radio waves for the automatic identification and tracking of tagged rented equipment or assets.


A rider is an addition to a contract or agreement. It may include additional terms, specifications, or requirements for a rental service or booking.


Rigging is the process of installing and suspending lighting, sound, or decorative elements in event venues or spaces, often associated with audiovisual setups in event spaces.

Rigging Points 

Rigging points are designated locations in the ceiling from which you’re able to hang things within a venue. 

RTMP (Real-Time Messaging Protocol)

RTMP, Real-Time Messaging Protocol, is a protocol used during events to stream audio, video, or other media assets RTMP is commonly used for live streaming and video conferencing. 

Schoolroom Seating

See: Classroom Seating

Serial Numbers

Serial Numbers are distinctive identification codes allocated to individual items or equipment to facilitate tracking and management.

Service Charge

A service charge is an additional fee imposed for services provided.


Serveware refers to items such as dishes, utensils, and trays used for serving food and beverages during events.

Set Up

See: Load In


Signage refers to visual displays or signs used to convey information or guide attendees at an event. Can be directional and/or informational.


Skirting is the fabric or material used to cover or decorate the edges of tables or other surfaces, often hiding cords and storage.

Stock Locations

Stock locations are designated places where event inventory or equipment is stored.

Storage Location

Storage location is a specific area or facility where event-related items are kept when not in use.


See: Load Out

Sub Renting

Sub renting refers to renting equipment or items from another rental business to fulfill temporary shortages or client requests. 


A sub-project is a unique combination of tasks, resources, and timelines designed to enhance the overall success of the primary project. 

System Integration

System integration refers to the process of combining different softwares such as inventory management, custom relationship management and accounting technologies to work seamlessly together. With Goodshuffle Pro’s website integration, you can integrate your Goodshuffle Pro inventory with your current
website and allow your customers to request items and services
for their desired dates. 

TCO (Total Cost of Ownership)

TCO, Total Cost of Ownership, is the overall cost associated with acquiring, maintaining, and using event equipment or assets throughout its entire life cycle. 


See: Bid Document

Terms and Conditions

Terms and conditions are the specified terms and regulations that dictate the terms of the rental agreement between the client and the rental service provider.

Time & Materials (T & M)

Time & Materials (T & M) is a billing method based on the labor costs (time) and materials used. 

Time Registration

Time registration is used by companies to document the hours worked or time invested by staff in the execution of event productions.

Trade Show

A trade show is a showcase, typically a business-to business event, where businesses within a specific industry exhibit and promote their products and services. Common trade shows in the event industry include The ARA Show, Catersource + The Special Event (TSE), MATRA’s Tent Show, and the NACPO Conference.

Usage Period

Usage period refers to the duration for which rented items or equipment are utilized during an event and are charged for.

V-Shape Seating

See: Chevron Seating


Venue is the location where an event takes place. 

Virtual Event

A virtual event is an event conducted online or in a virtual environment, allowing remote participation.


Votives are small candles that completely liquefy. To burn them, you will need a votive holder since they do not come in a contained cup. In the events industry, people often say “votives” and mean “votive holders”. Votive candles are utilized for decorative purposes at events, such as lining a walkway or on a dinner table as part of the landscape to create a warm and welcoming ambiance. 


A warehouse is a facility used for storing and managing event equipment and inventory.

Warehouse Stock

Warehouse stock refers to the inventory of equipment available in a warehouse, accounting for reservations. Even equipment under repair is included in the warehouse stock, given its presence within the warehouse.

Will Call

Will call is when a company is needing to pick-up items on the same day as an event.

tent rentals


Tent Rentals

Tent rental companies put up tents for anything and everything, ranging from weddings and corporate gatherings to backyard birthday parties and huge music festivals. They offer a diverse selection of tents in various sizes and styles, including pole tents, frame tents, clear span structures, and more. 


Alligator Clip

An alligator clip is a tension device employed for tightening perimeter webbing straps on classic tent systems.


An anchor is a device or method used to secure a tent to the ground, providing stability. (ex. stakes, concrete deadwights, water barrels, concrete anchors, etc.)

AntiSink Plate

An anti-sink plate is a wood or steel plate designed to prevent sinking of tent stakes into soft ground.

Anodized Aluminum

Anodized aluminum is aluminum treated to create a protective coating to enhance resistance to corrosion and wear from the outdoors. 


Area is the total space covered under the perimeter of a tent.

Ballast Weight System

The ballast weight system uses specially designed concrete blocks for tent use to create balance and stability, especially in windy conditions. Enables tent installation without penetrating the ground beneath, adhering to manufacturers’ guidelines, and possessing the capacity to provide coverage.

Beam Clamps

Beam clamps are hardware that allows vendors to safely and securely rig from the frame of a tent.

Block-out Material 

Blockout material is fabric with light-blocking properties designed to keep the sun out and the heating/cooling in.

Canopy Tent

A canopy tent is a small, light-duty tent designed with an open structure, providing shade against the sun or light rain without a full enclosure.

Center Pole

Center poles refer to the large poles in the center that create the “peak” of the tent. 

Century Tent

Century tent refers to a tent style characterized by majestic peaks and dramatic lines, designed to create a striking and elegant atmosphere for grand events.


Class is the structural framework that provides support to the fabric. There are six standard categories: cross cable tent, frame tent, pole tent, pop-up tent, structure, and truss arch.

Cluster Staking

See: Gang staking

Cross Cable Tent

A sturdy framework perimeter that utilizes steel or aluminum cross cables to support a center pole, eliminating the need for interior frames or support poles, and maximizing the available space underneath the tent for usage. 


Dormer is an extended section of a tent designed to provide additional space without the need for connecting two separate tents. Dormers facilitate a seamless fabric transition across the top, creating the impression of a unified space rather than two interconnected tents.

Drop Cloth 

Drop cloth refers to protective material positioned beneath a tent during setup to safeguard the tent top fabric, preventing damage, and maintaining cleanliness during both installation and removal.


Eave is the point where the valence intersects with the fabric roof. For pole tents, the eave is positioned at the top of the side pole. In frame tents, the eave is the perimeter of the tent. 

ECU Duct (Environment Control Unit)

The ECU duct is used to regulate the temperature inside a tent.

EFT Duct (Electrical Feed Through)

The EFT ducts are the duct opening(s) carrying electrical and communication lines.

Expandable Tent

Expandable tent refers to a tent that has the capability to adjust its length by adding or removing fabric sections and components.


See: Grommet 

Flame Certificate 

Flame certificate is a certification indicating compliance with flame resistance standards. IBC requires that all tent fabric must be made of flame-retardant material that is non-combustible to promote safety. 


Flange is a metal component made of three parts that connects fabric sections at the center pole; it is created by joining two floor flanges with a pipe nipple.

Frame & Cable Tent

See: Cross Cable Tent

Frame Tent

A tent with a freestanding framework, typically constructed from aluminum or steel tubing, eliminating the need for center poles. This design allows for rapid installation and offers flexibility in various configurations.

Gang Staking

Gang staking refers to the method of connecting several stakes with stake plates to create a single anchoring point.


A grommet is a small reinforced metal, plastic, or rubber ring in fabric.

Ground Tarp

See: Drop Cloth


See: Swoops

Guy Line

Guy lines are the ropes or ratchet buckle assemblies that secure tents and canopies to anchors. Guy lines link the poles or frame fittings to the anchors, generating tension that maintains the tents in place.

Hanging Load

The hanging load is the maximum weight that the beams inside a tent can support when objects like suspended lighting are hung from them.


Hip is the line along the tent’s roof that extends from a corner eave to the peak or center pole.

Hip Rafter

Hip rafter is the section of frame tubing that extends from the corner eave fitting to the peak or crown fitting in a tent structure.


Keder is a water-resistant material that serves to connect fabric to structures, establishing a continuous waterproof seal.

Marquee (aka tent)

Marquee is a long and narrow tent or structure with open sides used for entrance ways or shelter. 


The peak is the highest vertical point of the tent.

Pennants & Flags

Pennants & Flags refer to decorative flags or banners often used for aesthetic purposes in tent setups.

Pole Skirt

Pole skirt refers to the fabric that hangs from the eave to the ground, concealing tent poles.

Pole Tent

A pole tent is a type of tent that is supported by poles, often with a central supporting pole to help define the shape of a structure. The poles provide the structure and support for the tent, and the fabric is stretched over them to create the sheltered space underneath. Their tall peeks make pole tents popular options due to their elegant appearance and spacious interior. 

Quarter Pole

The quarter pole is the vertical pole positioned between the side pole(s) and center pole(s) that provides support for a tension tent top.

Sailcloth Tent

The sailcloth tent is a nautical-inspired tent with flags at the top and soaring peaks, made of translucent sailcloth material, and wooden poles for an open and airy vibe.


The sidewall is a detachable fabric sheet that hangs from the eave around the tent’s perimeter, serving to shield the interior from outdoor elements.

Side Curtain

See: Sidewall

Side Pole

Side poles are the poles around the perimeter of the tent.


Stakes are rods, spikes, or pins made of steel, wood, or plastic and driven into the ground to secure a tent to the ground.

Structure Tent 

A structure tent is a type of tent with a sturdy framework, and without center poles, engineered for open floor plans and larger events.


Swoops are the low points or depressions between two peaks. From the inside, it is the space between the center poles. 


Tension refers to the degree of tightness in the fabric or components of a tent.


A tent is a temporary shelter or covering made of fabric and supported by poles, metal frames, beams, columns, arches, ropes and/or cables.

Tent Wall

See: Sidewall

Thumb Buckles

See: Alligator Clip

Translucent Fabric

Translucent fabric is fabric that allows light to pass through to some extent.

Truss Arch Structure

A truss arch structure is a shelter made of curved metal beams that form an arch, supporting the roof fabric.

UV Resistant

UV resistant means resistant to damage or fading caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays.


Valance is the fabric hanging from the eave of the tent, often for decorative purposes.


Weights are heavy objects used to anchor tents on surfaces where staking is not possible.

Wind Load

Wing load is the maximum wind speed that a tent is designed to safely withstand.

Wind Rating

See: Wind Load

AV and lighting

A/V & Lighting

A/V (audiovisual) and lighting are essential elements of event production. They set the right atmosphere, engage attendees, and create immersive and memorable experiences.

Imagine a rock concert’s A/V setup. High-powered sound systems, LED screens, and dynamic lighting create an electrifying atmosphere to complement the music. On the other hand, a corporate conference uses high-quality projectors, sound systems, and subtle lighting to support professional presentations.

A/V and lighting industries play integral roles in setting event ambiance, offering professional audio, visual, and lighting solutions tailored to events of all scales—from simple weddings to events as large as concerts, productions, or trade shows. 


Accent Lighting

Accent lighting is the illumination of a specific area or object to enhance visual appeal, drawing attention by creating a focal point within a space.

Alternating Current 

An alternating current is a type of electric current that changes direction at regular intervals.


An amplifier is an electronic device designed to boost the power of electrical signals, increasing their amplitude.

Ambient Light

Ambient light is the overall illumination within a room or environment, originating from sources other than the primary display.

Ambient Noise

Ambient noise is sound outside of the deliberate audio.


Analog is a way of passing on information through a signal that consistently fluctuates.

Aspect Ratio

Aspect ratio is the proportional relationship between the width and height of an image. HD video is 16:9 and SD is 4:3.

Audio Cables

Audio cables are used to transmit audio signals between devices such as speakers, mixers, amplifiers, and DJ equipment. 

Audio Engineering

Audio engineering is the process involving the manipulation, recording, and production of in-person or playback audio.

Audio Feedback

Audio feedback is the unintended noise produced when an audio system’s output is inadvertently picked up and re-amplified by its input.

Audio Interface

Audio interface is a device enabling the connection of audio equipment to a host computer or other digital systems, usually by a USB port, allowing for playback. 

Audio Mixer

An audio mixer is a tool utilized in audio production and DJing to merge and manage audio signals originating from different sources. This device enables the manipulation of volume, tone, balance, and effects, facilitating the creation of the desired sound mix.

Audio Processor

An audio processor is a device used to control and engineer audio signals.

Audio Signal

An audio signal is the electrical depiction of audio.

Audio Track

An audio track houses and sounds a piece of audio.


Automation is the process of enabling devices or systems to operate automatically without direct human intervention, once inputted into an arrangement.


A ballast is an electrical tool that controls and monitors the current and voltage to work a lamp. Ballasts are commonly used with HID and Fluorescent light sources.

Ballast Factor

The ballast factor is the percentage indicating the expected light output and power consumption of a lamp in relation to its rated values, with a higher ballast factor resulting in increased light output and power consumption.


Bandwidth is the scope of frequencies within an audio signal or data stream that can pass through a system without distortion, during a given time interval .

Beam Angle

The beam angle is an angular span between two planes of light where at least 50% of the maximum intensity at the center beam is maintained.


A BNC is a small connector for videos, characterized by a two-pin lock, that allows connection to a screen.

Boundary Microphone (aka Surface Mount Microphone)

A boundary microphone is a microphone design strategically positioned close to a “boundary” such as a wall, ceiling or other flat surface, that relies on sound reflections to capture audio, commonly used in conference and telepresence systems.


Blocking is the process of inserting wood strategically placed between structural elements to provide a stable mounting point for completed materials/products.

Block Diagram

A block diagram is a visual representation displaying the signal path through a system, depicting the functional relationships and components.


Brightness is the perceptual quality of light or visual stimuli, influenced by factors such as intensity and color, contributing to the overall visual experience.


Cabling is the physical infrastructure comprising interconnected wires or optical fibers designed for the transmission of signals, such as data or electrical impulses, within a system or network.

Category 5 (Cat 5)

Category 5 (Cat 5) is a classification for 100-ohm unshielded twisted-pair cables and related connectors, designed to transfer data at speeds up to 100 megabits per second. (part of the EIA/TIA 568A standard)

Category 5e (Cat 5e)

Category 5e (Cat 5e) is an amplified version of the Cat-5 cable standard, with additional features to minimize far end crosstalk for improved data transmission up to 1 gigabit per second. (part of the EIA/TIA 568A standard)

Category 6 (Cat 6) 

Category 6 is a UTP cable standard for gigabit ethernet, backward compatible with Cat 5, Cat 5e, and Cat 3 cable. Cat 6 includes more intense particularities for crosstalk and system noise. (part of the EIA/TIA 568A standard)

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)

CCTV is a system facilitating how video signals are transmitted from one, or many sources, to one or more destinations.


CODEC is a device or software that encodes analog signals into digital format and vice versa, compressing the data to conserve bandwidth during transmission. CODEC is an acronym for coder/decoder. 

Color Rendering Index (CRI)

The color rendering index (CRI) is a metric evaluating a light source’s ability to accurately understand the color of something, contrasted with both natural and artificial sunlight. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 100. (the sun is 100)

Color Temperature

Color temperature is the measure of the hue of white light produced by a source, expressed in Kelvin (K), with lower temperatures appearing warm (reddish) and higher temperatures appearing cool (bluish).

Component Video

Component video is a colored video where factors like brightness (luminance), color hue, and saturation (chrominance) are taken into account, encoding red, green, and blue (Y, R-Y, and B-Y) signals onto three wires.

Composite Video Signal

A composite video signal is a single video signal encompassing complete color picture information and synchronization signals, combining all elements needed for video display.


A cone is a crucial component in loudspeaker systems, typically conical in shape, lightweight and semi-rigid. 

Conferencing Systems

Conferencing systems are a technological setup that enables individuals at different locations to communicate and share information. This can be helpful for meetings between clients and other companies, and be played through monitors, projections, computers, and more.


Clipping is the distortion of a signal occurring when its peak amplitude is exceeded. There is both hard and soft clipping. 


A decibel is a comparison of two measurements or values. Abbreviated dB, it is one-tenth of a Bel. This ratio is used for quantifying differences in loudness, including factors like sound pressure and power. 


A delay is an audio signal processing device or circuit designed to slow down the speed of one or more audio signals or frequencies, eventually fading to quiet.


Depth-of-field is the range in front of a camera lens where objects appear in focus, extending from the nearest to the farthest item.


A diffuser is a device utilized to modify light by scattering it, producing softer illumination with reduced glare.

Distributed Sound

Distributed Sound is a sound system employing a variety of loudspeakers strategically spaced apart, often operating at lower sound pressure levels than a typical high-pressure system, with speakers typically hanging over the heads of the audience.


Digital light processing utilizes a Digital Micromirror Device (DMD) with microscopic mirrors to project images on a screen.

Doppler Effect

The doppler effect is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave observed by someone when moving relative to the source of the wave, commonly experienced with sound or light waves.


DMX, which stands for Digital Multiplex System, serves as a protocol for controlling devices like lights or fog machines. This unidirectional signal travels solely in one direction — from the controller or initial light to the ultimate device in the chain.

DPA Headset

A DPA headset is a headset featuring a miniature microphone designed by DPA (formerly known as Danish Pro Audio), known for its high-quality audio capture in various applications.


Digital Visual Interface is a method of facilitating the direct digital transfer of data between a source device, typically a computer, and a display device. DVI has largely been replaced by HDMI, DisplayPort, and other formats.

Echo Cancellation

Echo Cancellation is the act of taking echo out of a signal path, so that the audio sounds clear.


Efficacy is the measure of a light source’s efficiency. Lumens per Watt of a light source.

Electric Current

See: Alternating Current

Electrical Signal

An electrical signal is the fluctuating flow of electric current conveying information, typically representing audio, video, or data.

Electronic Ballast

An electronic ballast is a ballast incorporating electronic components instead of traditional core-and-coil transformers, which minimizes power loss.


An equalizer is a piece of electronic equipment designed to adjust or correct the frequency components of a signal, ensuring optimal audio quality.


The ethernet is a set of network cabling, signaling, and access protocols standards for computer networks.

Fade in / Fade out

A fade in/ fade out is the gradual emergence or disappearance of volume, used in audio production and DJing for smooth transitions. 


Feedback, in the context of audio systems, refers to the loop of a signal from output back to input, causing an undesirable and displeasing noise. In control systems, it denotes data provided to indicate system status or performance.

Fiber Optic

A fiber optic is a technology that utilizes threads or wires usually made from glass or plastic to pass along data.


A filter is an outcome that occurs after blocking or passing certain elements of a signal, like light or color.

Focal Length

The focal length is the stretch between the center point of a lens and the focal point of the image. The shorter the focal length, the wider the angle or the image.


A footcandle is a unit measuring illuminance, representing the intensity of light falling on the surface of an object. One foot candle is equal to one lumen per square foot.


Frequency is the number of cycles per second in a signal, measured in Hertz (Hz), representing the pitch in sound or the rate of oscillation in electromagnetic waves.


Gain is the change in the amplitude of a signal and can be a helpful tool to manipulate the perception of loudness of a sound.


Glare is a visual effect caused by intense levels of brightness, which can often be distressful or disabling to the eye.


A gobo is a device used in lighting to project patterns or images by placing it in front of a light source to emanate a shadow, blocking or shaping light.


An HDMI cable is a connectivity standard that facilitates the transmission of digital audio and video signals between compatible devices through a single cable, supporting high-definition multimedia.

Hertz (Hz)

Hertz is the unit of frequency, representing the number of cycles per second in an electrical signal or wave.

High Bay

A high bay is a light fixture specifically designed for applications with elevated ceilings,  typically exceeding 20 feet in height, and commonly used in commercial and industrial settings.

High Definition

High definition is a display or broadcast format characterized by a higher resolution, providing clearer and more detailed images or content.


HDTV is an abbreviation for High Definition Television, a television system that delivers superior image quality, typically with resolutions above 1280×720.

Hot Spot

The hot spot is the part of an image that has a discrepancy or uneven illumination, usually appearing to have a bright area in the center that disrupts the image.


Impedance is the dislike of changing currents as they flow through a circuit, measured in ohms, encompassing resistance and reactance factors.

Infrared (IR)

Infrared is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum below the red end of visible light, utilized for wireless communication in devices like remote controls.

Initial Lumens

Initial lumens is the measure of the total light output emitted by a lamp or lighting system at the beginning of its operational life.


Input is a connection point on a device designed to receive information or signals from an external source.

Junction Box

A junction box is an enclosure for electrical wires and cables, serving as a termination point or connection hub, providing protection from outside conditions as well as organization. 

Kelvin Temperature (K)

Kelvin temperature (K) is the unit of measurement for temperature, commonly used in lighting to express the color temperature of light sources.

Lavalier mic

A lavalier mic is a miniature microphone designed to be worn around the neck or fastened onto clothing, allowing for hands-free and inconspicuous audio capture.

Laser beams

Laser beams are intense, different colored light beams used in concerts and DJ setups for dynamic visual effects, projecting patterns and enhancing the lighting experience.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

A liquid crystal display is a video display technology that uses liquid crystals to modulate light transmission, to produce images on a flat screen.

LCoS (Liquid Crystal on Silicon)

Liquid crystal on silicon is a reflective liquid crystal imaging technology where a liquid crystal layer is applied to a reflective silicon substrate, commonly used in high-quality projection displays.

LED (Light Emitting Diode)

Light emitting diode is a semiconductor device that emits light when an electric current passes through it, known for energy efficiency and long lifespan.


LM-79 is a standard for evaluating the performance characteristics of LED lamps and luminaires, encompassing aspects like light output, color quality, and energy consumption.


LM-80 is a standard specifying testing procedures for assessing the lumen maintenance of LED packages and arrays over time.


A loudspeaker is a transducer that reproduces electrical signals into sound waves, commonly used for audio output in various applications.


Lumen is the standard unit of measurement for luminous flux, representing the total visible light releasing from a light source.


A luminaire is a complete lighting fixture featuring a light source, ballast, reflectors, lens, and other components.


Lux is the international system unit for illuminance, measuring the amount of incident light when one lumen is evenly distributed over one square meter, symbolized as lx.

Matrix Switcher

A matrix switcher is a sophisticated electronic device featuring multiple input and output ports, enabling flexible connectivity where any input source can be linked to one, several, or all output destinations.

Magnetic Ballast

A magnetic ballast, also referred to as “Core-and-Coil” ballast, involves a magnetic core intertwined with copper windings, typically incurring higher power losses.

Mic Check

A mic check is a customary audio testing procedure, often spoken into a microphone to ensure proper functionality and assess audio levels before an event or performance.


A mixer is a versatile device designed for merging and adjusting the content of multiple audio sources, facilitating seamless blending and control of various sound inputs.


A modulator is the device that converts one or more properties of a carrier signal, like frequency, amplitude, or phase, with data from a different signal.

Moving Light

Moving light is an advanced lighting fixture capable of dynamic motion and varied positioning, offering flexibility in illuminating different areas during performances or events.


Multiplexing is the process used by the combiner to put multiple modulated signals into a single communication channel, enabling the efficient transmission of multiple signals.

Multipoint (aka continuous presence)

Multipoint is videoconferencing that connects different sites to a common network, allowing all sites to talk and speak with each other at the same time. 


Omni-directional is a microphone device that captures signals from all angles

Phantom Power

Phantom Power is a concealed direct current (DC) power source, accessible in different voltage options, commonly used to power devices such as condenser microphones or active direct input boxes.


Phase is the timing or position of one sound at a specific point. 


Photocell is the controller that flips on/off a light source depending on the time of day.

Pink Noise

Pink noise is a sound that has equal energy in each octave band, often used to tune loudspeaker systems in professional audio. Producers and mixing engineers like to have pink noise as a reference point for mixing because of its ideal response curve.


A pixel, short for “picture element”, is the smallest unit of  a digital image.


Point-to-Point is a conferencing setup that connects two locations directly for communication or data exchange.


A point-source is a sound system with a centralized loudspeaker location designed to cover a large area, typical in bigger venues such as performance spaces or large houses of worship.


Reflection is the phenomenon of light or sound waves reflecting off a surface, influencing the perceived characteristics of a space.


Refraction is the bending of light as it moves through a medium, altering its direction due to differences in speed.


Resolution can mean either the level of detail an image holds or the number of pixels in a display, affecting image clarity.

Reverberant Sound

Reverberant sound is waves that bounce off many surfaces, reaching the listener later than early reflections.

RF System

RF system is a closed circuit system transformed into an RF system when composite video and audio signals are moved at a specific frequency, requiring a display device with a tuned tuner.


RGBHV is a high bandwidth video signal with different conductors for red, green, or blue signals, as well as horizontal and vertical synchronization.


RGBS is a video signal consisting of red, green, blue signals, as well as a composite sync signal.


RGSB is a video signal containing  red and green signals, with composite sync as an addition to the green channel and a blue signal.

Rig Plot

A rig plot is the diagram created by the venue that shows where the rigging points are to properly suspend lights, speakers, etc.


A scaler is a feature that adjusts the scale of an image without changing its shape, commonly used in display devices to fit content onto screens of varying resolutions when the image size does not fit the display device.

Shotgun Microphone

A shotgun microphone is an intensely sensitive, long cylindrical microphone, designed to capture sound from a significant distance while minimizing background noise.

Signal Generator

A signal generator is a tool that manufactures calibrated electronic signals used for aligning and testing electronic circuits or systems.

Signal to Noise Ratio (S/N ratio)

Signal to noise ratio is the ratio, measured in decibels, between the information signal and the accompanying non-information noise. There will be a better quality of sound or picture, if the S/N ratio is higher.

Smoke Machines

Smoke machines are devices that generate artificial smoke or fog for visual effects, enhancing lighting displays or creating atmospheric conditions in entertainment or event settings.


A splitter is a device that separates a signal into multiple outputs, allowing the same signal to be sent to and utilized by different devices simultaneously.

Spot Fixtures

Spot fixtures are lighting fixtures designed to produce a focused and controllable beam of light, commonly used in stage and event lighting for highlighting specific areas, or casting a spotlight on something.

Standard Definition

Standard definition is a video or display format characterized by a lower resolution and typically a 4:3 aspect ratio, as opposed to high-definition formats.

Streaming Video and Audio

Streaming video and audio is a continuous transmission of video and audio content over the internet, allowing users to access and view or listen to the content in real-time without downloading the entire file.


Subwoofers is a type of loudspeaker, specialized in reproducing low-frequency sounds, usually in the range of 20 Hz to 200 Hz, enhancing the bass response in audio systems.

Surround Sound

Surround sound is an audio playback system that uses multiple channels to create a three-dimensional sound experience, immersing listeners in a more realistic audio environment.


S-video is a video signal format, also known as Y/C, where the luminance (Y) and chrominance (C) components are carried separately on dedicated conductors.


A switcher is a device used to select one of a variety of available signals.


Sync, short for synchronization, refers to the timing data that ensures proper coordination between different elements in a system.

Throw Distance

Throw distance is the distance between a projector and the projection surface required to achieve a particular image size, a crucial parameter in determining projector placement. For example, a projector and a screen. 


A transformer is the passive electrical device that carries electricity through different voltages. Step down transformers take a higher voltage to a lower voltage, whereas step-up transformers do the opposite.


A truss is a metal framework used in rigging for suspending and supporting various equipment such as lighting, projectors, and speakers in event and entertainment settings.


Tweeters are a type of loudspeaker that have a high level of frequency, typically 2,000 Hz – 20,000 Hz.


Uplighting is an illumination technique used in events and performances where lights are strategically placed at the base of structures or objects to create a visually appealing upward glow, enhancing the ambience of the venue.

USB (Universal Serial Bus)

A universal serial bus is the standard for connecting electronic devices, facilitating communication and power supply. There is a standard USB socket on many computers and devices that allow things to be connected to a computer and transfer MIDI data.

VGA (Video Graphics Array)

A video graphics array is a display standard that defines the resolution, color depth, and refresh rate of analog video signals. VGA is used for connecting computers to monitors, though digital interfaces like HDMI and DisplayPort have largely replaced them.

Video Connectors

Video connectors are physical interfaces that link video devices, enabling the transmission of video signals. Examples include HDMI, DisplayPort, and VGA connectors, each with specific features and capabilities.

Viewing Angle

The viewing angle establishes the maximum angle at which a viewer can sit away from the axis (centerline of the screen) and still experience a high-quality image, not exceeding 45 degrees from the projection axis.

Viewing Cone

The viewing cone is a three-dimensional space encompassing the optimal viewing area for an audience. This area extends in width, height, and depth from the center of the display, creating a cone-shaped volume.


A volt is the fundamental unit of electric potential difference or electromotive force, denoted by the symbol V. It represents the measure of potential energy per unit charge in an electrical circuit.


Voltage is the electrical potential that drives the flow of current within a circuit. It is the force that propels electrons through a conductor.

WAN (Wide Area Network)

Wide area network is a network that connects geographically dispersed local area networks (LANs) using telecommunications infrastructure. WANs enable communication over large distances, such as between different cities or countries.

White Noise

White noise is a sound characterized by equal energy levels across all frequencies. White noise is often used in audio applications and can create a consistent background sound.

WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)

A wireless local area network is a network that utilizes radio frequency transmission for wireless communication between devices within a localized area. WLANs offer flexibility and mobility without the need for physical cables.


Woofers are similar to a subwoofer but have a higher range. Woofers are loudspeakers designed to reproduce low-mid frequency sounds, typically in the range of ~40Hz up to ~500Hz, contributing to the bass or lower register in audio playback systems.

XLR Connector (aka cannon connector)

An XLR connector is a widely used audio connector featuring three pins for signal transmission and grounding. Known for its secure connection, the XLR connector is the standard audio signal cable for the production and AV industries, featured on a variety of mixers and audio interfaces. 


Y/C is a video signal, also known as S-Video, where Y represents luminance (brightness) and C represents chrominance (color), transmitted individually on synchronized conductors.


Y-splitter is a device that divides a single audio or video signal into two separate signals, allowing multiple devices to receive the same source signal simultaneously.

Zone Output 

Zone output is the functionality in audio equipment and DJ mixers that divides sound output into distinct zones. This enables different audio signals to be directed to specific areas or zones within a venue, catering to diverse audio requirements.

DJ and entertainment

DJs & Entertainment

DJs and entertainment companies help to set the tone for events through their use of music, lights, and special effects machines. Wedding DJs and nightclub DJs are perhaps the two best known in this category, but DJs and entertainment companies take on a diverse range of events, from birthday parties to corporate functions.

Note: Many of these terms were previously covered in the A/V section, but the following terms are more specific to DJs alone.



Ableton refers to Ableton Live, a popular digital audio workstation (DAW) software designed for creating, producing, and performing music. Ableton Live is widely used by musicians, producers, and DJs for its versatile and intuitive interface, as well as its powerful features for music composition, arrangement, recording, mixing, and live performance.


A bar is a musical unit that represents a measure of beats. In electronic and dance genres, it commonly consists of four beats. It may also refer to a lyrical section in a rap song or a venue where DJs perform.


Bassline is the rhythmic pattern of notes occupying the lower frequencies of the sound spectrum. 


Beat refers to the steady rhythm and timing of music. A beat is the music’s pulse, that repeating kick you recognize as the rhythm of the music. It can also denote an individual track, particularly in hip-hop music, where beats serve as the instrumental foundation for rap lyrics.


Beatmatching is a DJing technique where two or more tracks are synchronized in time and tempo to ensure a seamless transition between them. Failing to beatmatch results in a noticeable disruption known as a “trainwreck.”


Bootleg is the remix or reworking of a song created without official permission.


Bounce refers to the process of combining, and exporting or internally recording audio within a digital audio workstation (DAW).

BPM (Beats Per Minute)

BPM is a measure of tempo, indicating the number of beats in a minute. For instance, many house music tracks maintain a tempo of 128 BPM, while dubstep maintains a tempo of 140 BPM (with a half time, 70 BPM feel).

Confetti Cannons

Confetti cannons are special devices that release confetti into the air, adding a festive and visually striking element to live performances, particularly in concerts and festivals.


Crossfade is a mixing technique employed by DJs and audio engineers. It involves smoothly transitioning the audio output from one source to another, minimizing abrupt changes and creating a seamless blend between tracks.


The crossfader is a type of fader found on many audio and DJ mixers used to control the balance between two audio channels. Moving it from one side to the other decreases one channel’s volume while increasing the other, enabling seamless transitions between audio sources.


Cue is a feature on any DJ system enabling the playback of a track from a specific point when pressed and held. Facilitates pinpointing an entry point for a track during a DJ mix. 

Disc Jockey (DJ)

A disc jockey, commonly known as a DJ, is an individual who plays recorded music for an audience, commonly at events such as weddings or parties, clubs, festivals or on radio. DJs employ various formats, such as vinyl records, CDs, or digital files, and use mixing techniques to transition between tracks.


Drop refers to the climactic and energetic section of an EDM song, typically characterized by an intense peak. Drops often lack vocals and serve as a focal point for energy within the track.

EDM (Electronic Dance Music)

EDM, electronic dance music, is the umbrella term for the genre of music that is characterized by its electronic production, and strong danceable beat. It houses subgenres such as house, techno, trance, hardstyle, and many more. However, it is typically used to describe more commercial sounding electronic dance music. 

EQing (Equalizing)

EQing is the process of fine-tuning the balance of frequency components within a sound or mix. EQ can be used to boost or cut the lows (bass frequencies), mids (midrange frequencies), highs (treble frequencies), and everything in between.


Foldback refers to the specialized speakers used in live performances to provide performers on stage with a localized audio feed of the overall sound mix. This allows performers and DJs to hear what is coming through the speaker clearly.


A gig is a live performance for musicians, DJs, or performers. Gigs can take place in various venues, ranging from clubs and festivals to more intimate settings, providing artists with opportunities to showcase their talent to an audience.

Harmonic Mixing

Harmonic mixing is a DJing technique that involves seamlessly blending tracks that share compatible musical keys, enabling DJs to create more coherent and harmonically flowing sets. 

Jog Wheel

A jog wheel is a control interface commonly found on DJ controllers and digital turntables, mimicking the feel and functionality of a vinyl record on a turntable. DJs use jog wheels for tasks such as track navigation, scratching, and pitch bending, adding a dynamic touch to their performances.

Key (Musical Key)

Key is the foundational element determining the set of notes around which a piece of music is centered. For example, in the key of A minor, the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, and G can be played, whereas in F minor, the notes F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, and Eb can be played.

Key Matching

See: Harmonic Mixing

Line-in Input

Line-in input refers to an audio jack on an audio device designed to receive audio signals from another source at a standardized voltage level. This feature is commonly found in devices such as mixers, amplifiers, and computers. It enables the easy connection of sources such as microphones or musical instruments.

Line-out Output

A line-out output is an audio output port found on many electronic devices, such as computers, mixers, and amplifiers. This is used to connect the electronic device to an external audio device, such as speakers or recording devices to play music or other audio.


Mastering refers to the final stage in music production, focusing on refining a mix to achieve optimal playback and a consistent and balanced sound across different sound systems and platforms.


Mixing involves seamlessly blending the individual audio channels of multiple tracks into one to create a continuous track. This process can include volume/gain adjustments, equalization (EQ), beat matching, harmonic mixing, compression, group processing, layering and parallel processing, etc. 


MP3s are a widely used audio file format that compresses digital audio data, allowing efficient storage and widespread distribution without significant perceptual loss in sound quality. Widely compatible and easily shared, MP3s are a common choice for music playback and online streaming.

Pitch Control 

Pitch control is the capability to manipulate the frequency or pitch of a musical note, facilitating adjustments to match the desired tempo or harmonize with other elements in a performance or recording.


Playlists are curated collections of songs organized based on thematic, stylistic, or contextual similarities, commonly found on music platforms like Spotify, Soundcloud, Apple Music, or within DJ software for streamlined access to related tracks.

Q-Bert Scratch

The Q-Bert scratch is an advanced scratching technique in turntablism, named after DJ Q-Bert. This method involves skillfully manipulating a vinyl record on a turntable to produce distinctive unique sound effects.


See: Vinyl


A remix is a modified version of an original track. By using them in a new context through reworking its original elements, arrangement, and processing, a remix offers a unique perspective on the original musical work.


Residency is the status of regularly performing at a specific venue, establishing a consistent presence and connection with the audience. DJs achieving residency are recognized as regular performers at a bar, lounge, or club.


Reverb is an audio effect that is time-based and produces a series of quick echoes. While it may resemble an echo effect when heard, it actually enhances the sound by introducing a sense of space, giving the impression that the music is being performed in a significantly larger area. This effect contributes emotion and assists in building up tension before a climax, making it an ideal asset for smooth transitions.


A sampler is an electronic instrument that allows several different “samples”, or small snippets of audio, to be loaded up, processed and played back.


Scratching is a DJing technique that involves moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable to create a warped pitch and effect.


Serato, Traktor, and Rekordbox are all software platforms developed for DJs to manage and control music files during performances. Serato, Traktor, and Rekordbox offer features like track organization, beatmatching, and special effects, enhancing the overall DJing experience. Rekordbox, developed by Pioneer and similar to Traktor and Serato, is frequently used for music preparation, allowing DJs to perform without a laptop—a key distinction from the laptop-dependent nature of Serato and Traktor.


A soundcheck is a pre-performance process where audio equipment, including microphones, turntables, and speakers, undergoes testing and adjustment to ensure optimal sound quality and balance. Soundchecks are crucial for achieving the best audio experience during live events.

Sound Levels

Sound levels refer to the intensity or amplitude of an audio signal, typically measured in decibels (dB). 

Sound System

A sound system is the combination of audio equipment, such as amplifiers, speakers, subwoofers, outboard units, and crossovers that work together to produce and amplify sound. 

Special Effects

Special effects are audio modifications applied during DJ performances, including effects like reverb, echo, and distortion. 


Thump is the deep and powerful low-frequency sound, often associated with bass elements, that creates a physical impact or sensation. Thump adds impact to music, especially in genres that emphasize strong basslines.


A turntable is a device used for playing vinyl records. 


Venue refers to the location where events or performances take place. 


Vinyl is a physical format for music playback in which the audio content is reproduced by spinning a large wax disc made of polyvinyl chloride with a needle on a turntable. As the stylus follows the grooves on the vinyl, its vibrations translate into an analog signal, which is then converted into electronic sound.


See: Crossfader

casino rentals

Casino Rentals

Casino rental companies provide a unique experience: They create an ambiance that mimics a Vegas casino, complete with neon lights, real poker chips, a variety of games and tables, and fat stacks of fake money. 

They bring casino games such as blackjack, poker, roulette, and slot machines directly to their clients’ events, which include corporate parties, fundraisers, and private gatherings. Thanks to casino rental companies, guests can enjoy the excitement of a casino atmosphere without having to travel to Vegas or Atlantic CIty.



Ante is the required initial bet that players must place before receiving cards in certain card games. It is the money you put in the pot before the cards are dealt each time to increase action. It forces there to always be at least some payout in the pot, and ensures that people don’t instantly fold when dealt less than stellar cards.


Attendants are individuals hired to assist and manage casino games, ensuring smooth operation and assisting players.


Baccarat is a card game in which players hold two or three cards each and bet on whose cards will have the highest number. The objective of the game is to have a hand total closest to nine.


Bankroll is the total amount of money that a player has at their disposal, or is willing to gamble for the purpose of poker.


A bet is the amount of money wagered on a particular outcome in a casino game.

Bill Acceptor 

See: BVA

Bill Validator 

See: BVA

Black Jack

Black jack is a card game where players aim to have a hand value closest to 21 without exceeding it.

Black Jack Tables

Black jack tables are tables specifically designed for playing Blackjack, accommodating multiple players.


Blinds are mandatory bets that drive the betting in poker. In Hold’em, there are two types: the small blind and the big blind. The player left of the dealer pays the small blind, and the person next to them pays the big blind, which is typically twice the size of the small blind.


A bluff is a bet made with a weak hand in the hopes of getting our opponent to fold a better hand. 


Buy-in is the amount required to join a game of poker (can be a cash buy-in or a tournament buy-in).


BVA is the part of the slot machine responsible for accepting and receiving currency, converting it into credits that are then used to play the game.


Cage is the area in a casino where financial transactions, such as cashing in or out chips, take place.

Card Washing

Card washing is a shuffling technique where cards are spread out on the table and mixed by hand before a new game.

Casino Management System (CMS)

 A casino management system (CMS) is a software system that helps manage various aspects of a casino, including player tracking, security, and reporting.


Chips are round discs used as currency in a casino, representing various monetary values.


A “comp” is a promotional incentive to encourage extended play and build player loyalty. It’s a reward offered by the casino, such as free slot play, meals, show tickets, gifts, or travel reimbursement, given to players who generate enough theoretical or actual revenue for the casino.


Craps is a dice game where players bet on the outcome of the roll or a series of rolls. Two dice are rolled and specific combinations of numbers determine whether a player wins or loses.

Craps Tables

Craps tables are tables designed for playing the game of Craps.


Croupier is the casino employee responsible for overseeing a table game, managing bets, and ensuring fair play.


Dealer is the casino employee or player responsible for dealing cards.

Dead Money

Dead money refers to chips in the pot that no one has claimed or extra chips available for the taking by the first player to make an assertive move.


Dice are small cubes with numbered sides used in various casino games.

Double Roulette

Double roulette is a variation of the game Roulette featuring two wheels.

Face Card

Face cards refer to any Jack, Queen, or King.


Flush is a hand made with five cards of the same suit. 

Full House

Full house is a five card hand made with a combination of three of a kind and one pair.

Gaming Systems

Gaming systems are the integrated systems and technologies used to manage and operate casino games.

Gaming Table Covers

Gaming table covers are protective covers for casino tables, often used to display branding.

High Roller

A high roller is a player who wagers large amounts of money in the casino.


Hold is the percentage of money the casino keeps from the total wagers made by players, calculated by “Total in – amount paid out = hold.”


House is the establishment that runs the game itself.

House Edge

House edge is the mathematical advantage the casino has over players in a particular game.

Jackpot (aka the “pot”)

Jackpot, often referred to as the “pot”, is a large cash prize, often a cumulative sum, awarded in certain casino games.


Keno is a lottery-like game where players choose numbers and win prizes based on matching them with drawn numbers. Players select between 1 and 10 keno numbers from a grid ranging from 1 to 80, similar to bingo. Subsequently, the drawn keno numbers determine the payout based on the accuracy of the player’s chosen numbers. Keno is very popular in Canada.


Let-it-ride is a casino poker game where players decide whether to withdraw parts of their stakes as dealer cards are revealed. 


Muck is the act of surrendering a losing hand to the dealer during a showdown without revealing it to the table. 

Pai Gow Poker (aka Double Hand Poker)

Pai gow poker is a casino game that combines elements from traditional Pai Gow, a Chinese domino game and poker. Players receive seven cards and aim to create a five-card high hand and a two-card low hand, both of which must beat the dealer’s hands to win.

Penny Slots

Penny slots refer to slot machines that accept low-denomination bets, often as low as one cent.

Payout Percentage

Payout percentage is the proportion of money bet by players that the casino will payout in winnings.

Payout Table

A payout table is a table displaying the potential payouts for different winning combinations in a casino game.

Playing Cards

Playing cards are the cards used in various casino games, typically standard decks with specific designs.


Points refer to units awarded to players based on their gambling activity, often redeemable for rewards.

Poker Tables

Poker tables are tables designed for playing poker, accommodating multiple players.

Progressive Jackpot

Progressive jackpot is a continuously growing jackpot that increases as players make bets.


Roulette is a gambling game where players place bets on which compartment of a spinning wheel a small ball will land in.

Roulette Tables

Roulette tables are tables designed for playing the game of Roulette.

Roulette Wheel

The roulette wheel is the spinning wheel used in the game of Roulette that determines which bets win and which bets lose with typically 37 or 38 distinct numbered slots. 

Royal Flush

Royal flush is the highest-ranking hand in poker, consisting of the Ten, Jack, Queen, King, and Ace, all of the same suit.


Showgirls are performers, often dressed in elaborate costumes, providing entertainment in a casino setting.

Slot Machine

A slot machine is a gambling device with 3 or more reels or screens displaying symbols, where players try to align them to win prizes.

Straight Flush

Straight flush is a poker hand comprising five cards in consecutive rank order, all of the same suit.

Texas Hold’em

Texas Hold’Em is a popular variant of poker where players are dealt two private cards and share community cards. The goal is to make the best hand using five cards.

Three of a Kind

Three of a kind is a poker hand achieved when holding three cards of the same rank along with two additional cards known as kickers.

Two Pair

A hand made by holding two sets of pairs along with one kicker.


A whale is a very rich but bad poker player.

floral design

Floral Design

Floral design plays a crucial role in enhancing the aesthetic appeal of events. Skilled florists meticulously craft stunning centerpieces, bouquets, chuppahs, and installations, weaving together colors, textures, and fragrances. 

Whether they’re orchestrating the perfect ambiance for a corporate affair, adding a touch of romance to a wedding celebration, or simply brightening someone’s day with a thoughtful bouquet, florists cater to a diverse range of clients and events.



Anthers are the part of the flower’s stamen where pollen is produced.

Arm or Presentation (aka the pageant bouquet)

An arm or presentation is the cluster of long-stemmed flowers gracefully held by the bride.


An Atelier often refers to a floral design studio, but can be any type of workshop or studio space.


A biedermeier is a closely arranged nosegay featuring concentric circles of different colored flowers, secured in a holder with one flower variety per ring.


A boutonniere is a small floral arrangement typically worn on the lapel of a jacket, usually by men, for formal occasions such as weddings, proms, or special events. It consists of a single flower or a small cluster of flowers, often complemented by greenery or decorative elements, and is secured to the lapel using a pin.


A bouquet is a collection or arrangement of flowers, typically given as a gift, and wrapped ceremoniously with materials such as a ribbon or bow.

Bouquet Seasonal Cut Flowers

Bouquet seasonal cut flowers are large stemmed cut flowers arranged in a bouquet presentation, typically including seasonally available flowers that are at their best in the current season.


A candelabra is a floral decorative centerpiece crafted at the base, neck, or top of a multi-armed candelabra, often including flowing greens or ribbons. 

Cascade or Shower

A cascade or shower is a floral arrangement resembling a waterfall, typically crafted with ivy and long-stemmed flowers. This bouquet style features blooms that extend below the main bouquet, creating a graceful and formal look, commonly chosen for traditional weddings.

Classic Bouquet

A classic bouquet is a tightly clustered collection of flowers secured in a bouquet holder, wire, or hand-tied for a classic and timeless presentation.


A handmade creation where various petals or buds, connected together by wires, create the illusion of a giant flower on a single stem.

Contemporary Bouquet

A contemporary bouquet is inspired by unique ideas, styles, and patterns, designed with no specific geometric form, typically crafted with flowers that have a clear form and add personality to the bouquet. 


A crescent consists of one full flower and a flowering stem (typically orchids). They are held together by a wire to form a slim handle that can be held with just one hand. 


Dais is a centerpiece at the head table, draping to the front for visual effect and framing the bride and groom.

Filler Flowers

Filler flowers are small, delicate flowers used to fill in and complement the main blooms in an arrangement.


Foliage are the leaves and other greenery used in floral arrangements to add some more depth and color.


A filament is the thin stalk of the stamen that supports the flower.

Fish Bowl

A fish bowl is a type of centerpiece sat in the middle of the table with flowers and other elements clustered in a glass bowl.

Floral Designer

A floral designer is a professional who practices the art of utilizing plants and florals to create an aesthetically pleasing and balanced arrangement. 


A florist is a person or business that sells and arranges cut flowers and plants.


Floristry is the production, selling, and exchanging of flowers, which include activities such as flower care, floral design, arrangement, merchandising, display, and flower delivery.


The flower is a reproductive part of a plant, often valued for its beauty, fragrance, and color.

Flower Bouquet

A flower bouquet is a strategically crafted, decorative arrangement of a collection of flowers.

Flower Processing

Flower processing is the steps taken to prepare, condition and hydrate flowers to increase their life-span and beauty for selling purposes. 


A garden is a centerpiece featuring an abundance of wildflowers. These designs are typically airy and less dense than other designs.


A huppah is a type of canopy used at weddings, decorated with florals that is a traditional part of a Jewish ceremony.


Ikebana, meaning living flowers, is a traditional Japanese art form involving arranging flowers in unison with space, size, earth, and air to bring nature and humanity closer together. The shapes, forms and colors of the flowers are very important; and the emphasis is put on the flowers’ stems and leaves.


Nosegays is a small, round cluster of flowers, usually 16-18 inches in diameter, all cut to a uniform length. Composed of densely packed round flowers and greenery, nosegays are usually made with one dominant flower or color. 


Oasis is a specific type of foam meant for flower arrangements. Its purpose is to absorb water and hydrate flowers for long periods of time.


A peduncle is the main stalk of the flower.


The petal is the segmented, colorful, and often delicate part of a flower.


The pistil is the female reproductive part of a flower, typically consisting of a stigma, style, and ovary.


Posy is the medium to short stemmed blooms, often including additional decoratives like ribbons or silk flowers, great for smaller hands. Posies are similar to nosegays in design but much smaller. 


A receptacle is the part of the flower that is connected to the stalk.

Retail Florists

Retail florists supply fresh flowers and related goods and services directly to consumers.


Sepals are the outer parts of a flower, usually green in color and resembling leaves, enclosing the petals.


Stamens are the male reproductive organs of a flower, including anthers and filaments.


Stems are the main structural part of a plant that bears leaves and flowers.


A topiary is the art of trimming flowers/foliage into geometric shapes, creating miniature trees, animals, or other shapes.

Vase Life

Vase Life is the length of time a cut flower remains in good condition, before dying.

Wholesale Florist

A wholesale florist provides volumes of flowers and associated supplies to industry professionals.


A wreath is an arrangement of flowers and leaves in the shape of a circle or ring, that acts as a centerpiece, headpiece, or door hanger.



Inflatable rental companies offer a wide range of unique commercial inflatables for rent, including:

  • Bounce houses
  • Slides
  • Obstacle courses
  • interactive games

Inflatables are most commonly a fixture at children’s birthday parties, festivals and fairs, and school and church events. But they’re also seen at some corporate events, sports events, and family gatherings.


Air Tight

Airtight refers to inflatables that, once inflated and sealed, maintain their air without needing constant re-inflation.

Air Dancer

An air dancer is an inflatable advertising device that remains inflated by a fan at the base, creating a dynamic “dancing” motion in the air to draw attention, typically used for promotional purposes.

Air Tumble Track

An air tumble track is a lengthy mat used in gymnastics filled with air for cushioning.

Banana Boat

A banana boat is an inflatable boat, shaped like a banana, that is towed by a motorized watercraft for recreational rides. Banana boat rides are popular at beaches and resorts as a fun water activity for groups of people.


A blob is an inflatable water pillow where one participant jumps on one side, launching the player on the other side into the air and then into the water. 


A blower is a mechanical device used to blow air into inflatables to inflate the structure quickly and maintain its shape by continuously blowing air into it while it is in use.

Blow Ups

Blow ups typically refer to holiday inflatables, such as Christmas decorations, that are filled with air for display.

Bounce House 

A bounce house is a trampoline-like structure filled with air and enclosed by inflatable walls, providing a safe space for children to jump and play.

Bouncy Castle

A bouncy castle is a popular inflatable toy for kids, resembling a castle and designed for jumping and play. Bouncy castles are typically seen at children’s parties, carnivals, and events.


Bossaball is a sport that merges elements of volleyball, football, and gymnastics, played on a large inflatable court with trampolines.

Bubble Tent

A bubble tent is an inflatable, transparent tent with a dome shape, often used for camping and leisure.

Bumper Ball

A bumper ball is a transparent inflatable ball worn by participants for playing bubble soccer.


See: Blob


Combo refers to inflatable products that combine features like a bouncer and a slide.


Commercial refers to inflatable products designed for commercial use, made with durable heavy duty materials like PVC.

Crash Mat

A crash mat is an inflatable mat placed at the entrance of a bouncy castle for safety and cushioning.


Deflate is the process of releasing air from inflatables, the opposite of inflation.

Disco Dome

A disco dome is an inflatable dome with disco lights.

Dome Tent

A dome tent is an inflatable tent with a dome-shaped structure, built using opaque materials that provide privacy and protection from sunlight and weather conditions.

Floating Slide

A floating slide is an inflatable slide designed to float on water, often part of inflatable water parks.

Foot Dart

Foot dart is a dart game where participants kick Velcro soccer balls onto a sticky inflatable dartboard.

Free Jump

Free hump refers to jumping from a higher inflatable platform to a lower airbag.

Gladiator Joust

Gladiator Joust is a game where two players use inflatable weapons to knock each other off padded pedestals.


A hose provides the water supply for inflatable water slides and pools.

Human Hamster Ball

A human hamster ball is a large inflatable ball, typically made of transparent plastic material that allows people to walk and roll inside. 


IAAPA stands for the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions.


An inflatable is an object that can be filled with air or gas to expand and take on a specific shape. 


Inflatables is a general term for inflatable products.

Inflatable Castle

See: Bouncy Castle


Inlet is the tube through which air is supplied to an inflatable by a blower.

Inflatable Obstacle Course

An inflatable obstacle course is a challenging inflatable playing field featuring a series of inflatable obstacles where two participants race through.

Jumper House

See: Bounce House

Mechanical Bull 

A mechanical bull is a device that imitates the feeling of riding a real bull. It’s an inflatable bull mounted on a platform that moves and bounces, powered by a motor.

Mechanical Games

Mechanical games are inflatable games controlled by machines. These games typically involve participants interacting with inflatable structures while facing mechanical challenges or obstacles, such as electrical bulls and inflatable wipeouts.

Mesh Netting

Mesh netting refers to the nets enclosing bounce houses to prevent children from falling out.


Modular refers to inflatables that can be customized with art panels.

Money Booth 

A money booth is an inflatable machine where participants try to catch blowing paper money.

Moon Bounce

See: Bounce House


Nylon is the material used to create residential inflatables.


Obstacles are inflatable barriers, challenges, or features within an obstacle course or bouncer.


The operator is a licensed person that is allowed to operate an inflatable toy.


Outlet is the tube allowing air to escape from inflatables.

Pop Ups

Pop ups are short inflatable cylinders used as obstacles in inflatable obstacle courses.


PVC is the material used in commercial inflatables, known for its durability.


Residential refers to inflatables designed for home use, typically of lower quality than commercial inflatables.


A sandbag is a weight added to inflatables to provide stability, especially on hard surfaces like asphalt or indoors.

Sky Dancer

See: Air Dancer


Stakes are pegs used to anchor inflatables to the ground, especially on grass.

Sumo Suits

Sumo suits are inflatable costumes that mimic the appearance of sumo wrestlers allowing participants to engage in sumo wrestling matches without the risk of injury associated with actual physical contact.

Surf Simulator

A surf simulator is an inflatable mechanical game simulating the experience of surfing.


TPU is a material used in some inflatables superior to PVC due to its superior abrasion resistance, flexibility in various temperatures, resistance to UV radiation and chemicals, recyclability, and non-toxic composition.

Tube Man

See: Air Dancer


A tunnel is an inflatable entrance, often used as a run-through for football players.


See: PVC

Velcro Wall

A velcro wall is an inflatable wall covered in Velcro fabric for participants to stick to.

Water Cylinder

See: Water Walking Ball

Water Roller

See: Water Walking Ball

Water Walking Ball

A water walking ball is an inflatable ball used for walking on water.


Wipeout refers to an inflatable obstacle course or game inspired by the TV show “Wipeout.” It usually involves participants navigating through a series of inflatable obstacles, such as spinning arms or rotating poles, while trying to avoid falling or being knocked off the course. Wipeout includes various inflatable games, including wipeout eliminator, wrecking ball, and big ball.

Zorb Ball

See: Human Hamster Ball

pipe and drape

Pipe and Drape

The pipe and drape industry delivers customizable solutions that define spaces, create privacy, and enhance aesthetics at events such as weddings, trade shows, corporate events, and conventions. While pipe and drape often serves a functional purpose, it also brings an aesthetic note to spaces. Setups are highly customizable by color, fabric, and height.

Think of styled backdrops, trade show booths, changing rooms, and dividers—behind them all is a skilled pipe and drape company.


Accordion Style

Accordion style is a type of draping style, with pleats of fabric moving in a zigzag pattern, creating textured depth and a structured appearance. Typically used for conferences, informal gatherings, and seminars.

Aluminum Pipes

Aluminum pipes are lightweight pipes, known for ease of handling, installing, and corrosion resistance. They are typically used for events that require frequent adjustments.


Arches are a curved or semicircular architectural structure that spans an open space, decorated with drapes to create a focal point, great for wedding ceremonies as they can adapt to the theme and color of the wedding.  

Austrian Drape 

An austrian drape is a luxurious style featuring horizontal rows of gathered fabric or swags that create a cascading effect, perfect for a dramatic and grand appearance. Used for galas, theaters, wedding ceremonies, etc. 

Banjo Cloth

Banjo Cloth is a lightweight and flame-retardant fabric, often made of synthetic materials like polyester for a textured, shiny finish. Banjo cloth is durable and easy to maintain, as well as affordable. It is great for various event settings such as trade shows, conferences, and stages. 

Base Plates

Base Plates are heavy, flat platforms essential for ensuring a secure pipe and drape system. 

BreakApart Systems

Break-apart systems involve uprights and crossbars that break down into multiple, smaller parts, making it efficient to transport and store.

Call Time

A call time is the scheduled time when personnel or equipment is expected to be on-site for event setup or production.

Ceiling Treatments

A ceiling treatment involves fabric that is draped strategically about the ceiling to dramatize or soften the effect of a space.


Chuppahs are traditional ceremonial canopies, used in Jewish weddings. They are typically draped in fabric to match the theme of the wedding. 

Classic Style

Classic style is a widely favored and versatile design consisting of draping that descends vertically down from crossbars, producing a sleek, simple, and sophisticated appearance. Classic style is particularly well-suited for corporate events, weddings, conferences, and trade shows.

Crossbar Hangers

Crossbar hangers are accessories used to suspend additional crossbars from the original drape support, crafting layered or textured drape displays.

Crossbar/Drape Supports

Crossbar/drape supports are horizontal bars that allow the drapes to hang, crucial for supporting drape weight and allowing customization of the drape width. 

Drapery Clips and Ties

Drapery clips and ties are used to connect fabric to crossbars. Clips or ties can be chosen based on the effect they have- ties are decorative whereas clips are more practical. 


A drape is a piece of fabric or textile material that is usually hung from crossbars, often for decorative or functional purposes.

Fixed-size Systems

Fixed-size systems have predetermined lengths for the upright and crossbar, and provide stability and simplicity.


Fullness is the extent of gathering or bringing together of the draped fabric. It indicates the degree to which the fabric is gathered along the horizontal bar or crossbar of the structure. The higher the fullness, the more fabric is used, resulting in a fuller and more voluminous appearance. 


Humps occur when the top of an upright pipe lengthens higher than the connected crossbar, causing a visual irregularity in the smooth flow of the gathered drape fabric, resulting in a noticeable bulge or “hump”.


Pipes are an important structural element of a pipe and drape system designed to keep the system solid. This includes uprights and crossbars.

Poly Premier

Poly Premier is typically made from a long-lasting and versatile polyester material. Poly Premier fabric is known for its smooth texture, wrinkle-resistant properties, and ability to hold vibrant colors well.

Printed Backdrop Panels

Printed backdrop panels are custom-designed fabric panels used as backdrops for events, featuring graphics or logos.

Room Dividers

Room dividers are a pipe and drape setup used to create beautiful, separate spaces within a larger venue.

Rubber Base Weights

Rubber base weights are used to add stability to pipe and drape bases, particularly in outdoor settings or with heavy drape materials. They are not standalone bases but are placed on metal base plates to provide additional weight, and are helpful for taller bases.


Sandbags are additional weights placed on base plates to enhance stability, especially in outdoor or windy conditions, or with heavy drape materials.

Standard Heights

Standard heights are the typical heights for drape systems, usually in a range from 8-14 feet.

Standard Widths

Standard widths are the usual widths for drape panels, ranging from 6-10 feet per panel.

Steel Pipes

Steel pipes are renowned for their robustness and durability, well-suited for providing structural support in scenarios involving heavier drapes or everlasting installations.

Swag Style

Swag style is a draping fabric with elegant curves helping to achieve a romantic environment.

Telescopic Pipe System

Telescopic pipe systems are recognized for their adaptability, consisting of uprights and crossbars that can be effortlessly lengthened or retracted to different lengths, enabling easy adjustment of height and width.


Uprights are vertical components of a pipe and drape system, providing support for crossbars and drapes. They can either be of one piece or break down into adjustable parts.

Valance Hangers

Valance Hangers are accessories designed to support the attachment of a valance—a short decorative drape—at the height of a display or drapery system. Valance hangers play a crucial role in enhancing the gracefulness of the overall setup and allow for flattering color to the main drape.


Velvet is a dense fabric for drapes made with sound absorption and light-blocking properties that can add a luxurious vibe to any event.


Balloon Industry

The balloon industry is all about event planning, decoration, and entertainment. The space brings together multiple skill sets, including:

  • Balloon artists
  • Twisters
  • Entertainers
  • Event decorators

Balloon companies provide a wide array of balloon arrangements, bouquets, sculptures, arches, and installations to turn events from ordinary to extraordinary. They cover events like weddings, birthdays, baby showers, corporate functions, and graduations. Next time your child begs for a balloon hat at the fair, you can impress the balloon twister by speaking in their language.


Agate Balloon

An agate balloon is a type of balloon known for its marbled, swirling patterns that resemble agate stones. The unique patterns on agate balloons are never repeated.

Balloon Arch

A balloon arch is an arrangement of balloons formed into an arch shape, created using balloon clusters, linked balloons, or specialty designs. They can be used to spotlight a doorway, walking path, stage, dance floor, and almost where. 

Balloon Bouquet

Balloon bouquets are helium balloons arranged in a group and attached to a weight, often used as table centerpieces or room decorations.

Balloon Clusters

Balloon clusters are groupings of balloons held together.

Balloon Column

A balloon column is a vertical arrangement of balloons stacked in a column, typically in spiral, blocked or solid color design.

Balloon Curling Tool 

A balloon curling tool is a tool used to curl the ribbon attached to balloons for decorative purposes.

Balloon Decor Artist

A balloon decor artist is a professional that typically designs and creates traditional or custom balloon decor, such as bouquets, arches, columns, and sculptures. They craft the decorations often seen at special occasions such as birthday parties, weddings, showers, or corporate events. 

Balloon Drop 

A balloon drop is the release of a large quantity of air-filled balloons that are suspended overhead from a net attached to the ceiling, often marking a key moment in a celebration. 

Balloon Entertainers

See: Balloon Twisters

Balloon Garland

A balloon garland is a string of attached balloons used for decorating ceilings or draped throughout an event. A balloon garland differs from a balloon arch mostly in the way that it is hung. While a Balloon arch takes the form of an upside down “U”, a garland is usually hung like an upside down “J”.

Balloon Kit

A balloon kit is a package containing balloons and necessary accessories for a specific balloon decor project.

Balloon Lettering

Balloon lettering refers to creating letters or words using balloons, often seen in balloon banners or signs.

Balloon Nets

Balloon nets are nets used to hold and release balloons, particularly in balloon drops or releases.

Balloon Release

See: Balloon Drop

Balloon Printing

Balloon printing refers to the process of applying designs or logos onto balloons for branding or decorative purposes.

Balloon Sculpture

A balloon sculpture is a custom balloon design shaped like a recognizable object by twisting and joining balloons.

Balloon Seals

Balloon seals are devices used to seal balloons and prevent helium escape, keeping it inflated for a longer period of time. They are typically a small plastic or rubber device. 

Balloon Sizer Box

A balloon sizer box is a tool to measure and ensure uniform balloon sizes. A balloon sizer is typically a plastic box that has numerous measurement sizes from 3” to 12”.

Balloon Sticks

Balloon sticks are plastic sticks used to hold and display air-filled balloons, often seen in balloon bouquets.

Balloon Tulle

Balloon tulle is a fine, net-like fabric used to cover or enhance balloons.

Balloon Twisters

Balloon twisters are professionals who create various shapes and figures by twisting balloons. They are typically known for their animal balloon creations that you see at birthday parties or fairs, but can also create much larger detailed balloon sculptures. 

Balloon Weight

A balloon weight is an object attached to the end of a balloon string to prevent helium balloons from floating away.

Balloon Wall

A balloon wall is a freestanding wall made from attaching multiple balloons together. Balloon walls can serve as decorative backdrops for various events. 

Confetti Balloons

Confetti balloons are balloons filled with confetti that add a festive and celebratory element to balloon decor.

Curling Ribbon

Curling ribbon is a thin, curly ribbon that is often used to attach and decorate balloons.

Deco Bubble Balloon

The deco bubble balloon is a type of clear, durable balloon often used for stuffing with smaller balloons or decorative elements.


Double-stuffing is the practice of inflating a balloon with a second balloon inside, typically a different color or size, to achieve a larger size or unique effect.

Foil Balloon

Foil balloons are balloons made of metallic coated nylon sheets called Mylar that resemble foil. They tend to be sturdier than latex balloons and can retain helium for longer periods. However, unlike latex balloons, foil ones are not biodegradable, which raises environmental concerns.

Foil Number Balloons

Foil number balloons are balloons shaped like numbers, commonly used for birthdays and celebrations.


Helium is a non-flammable, colorless, odorless gas used to inflate balloons for buoyancy.

Helium Tank

A helium tank is a container holding helium gas for inflating balloons.

Latex Balloon

Latex balloons are balloons made from liquid rubber, and are often the typical ‘party’ balloons seen. Since latex balloons are biodegradable, this makes them a more eco-friendly choice.

Linked Garland

Linked garland is a garland design formed by connecting balloons with linking balloons, often incorporating smaller balloon clusters between the linked balloons.

Mylar Balloons

See: Foil Balloons 

Organic Balloon Decor

Organic balloon decor refers to balloon designs featuring an abstract arrangement of balloons in various colors and sizes, creating a free-form design.

Quicklink Balloons

Quicklink balloons have built-in linking tails, allowing easy connection to create garlands and other balloon arrangements.

Tether Line

A tether line is a line used to secure helium-filled balloons, preventing them from floating away in outdoor settings.

home staging

Home Staging

Home staging is the process of preparing a private residence for sale. The goal of staging is to make a home appealing to the highest number of potential buyers, maximizing its marketability on the real estate market and decreasing time-to-sale. When potential buyers can see themselves cooking a family dinner or sprawling out on the couch, they’re more likely to make an offer.

So home stagers make it their business to comfortably and elegantly furnish for-sale homes, strategically selecting and arranging furniture, decor, and accessories to highlight a property’s best features and create a welcoming atmosphere.



An appraisal is a professional’s evaluation of a home’s market value, considering factors like a home’s condition, location, and comparable properties recently sold.


Appreciation is the increase in a home’s value over time. It is influenced by various factors such as market conditions, inflation, property location, property improvements, and overall economic growth. 


“As-is” means listing a house where the seller is not willing to make any updates or renovations during the home-buying process.


An assessment is a professional estimate of a home’s market price for property tax purposes, considering factors like location, condition, and similar properties.

Buyer’s Agent

A buyer’s agent represents the buyer’s interests, and guides them along the home-buying process every step of the way. A buyer’s agent helps clients find the right property, negotiate offers, recommend other professionals like mortgage brokers and home inspectors, and assist in overcoming setbacks during the home-buying process. 

Buyer’s Market

In a buyer’s market, the advantage lies with individuals seeking to buy real estate. This occurs when the number of homes available for sale surpasses the demand for purchases, making it challenging for homeowners to sell, giving buyers more choices and opportunities to negotiate favorable terms.


Closing is the final step in the home-buying process where final documents are signed, remaining funds are paid, and the transaction is closed with the title transferring from seller to buyer.

Color Consultation

A color consultation is a specialized service provided by staging professionals, where they visit a client’s home to offer expert recommendations for paint colors. This service is valuable for preparing a home for sale.


Comparables (comps) are recently sold properties used by appraisers to determine a home’s fair market value. They are comparable properties in size, available amenities, and are located in the specific area you are interested in buying or selling.


A consultation is an on-site visit by home stagers to provide professional recommendations for preparing a home for sale.


A counter-offer is the seller’s response to a buyer’s proposal, usually with some changes. 

Curb Appeal

Curb appeal refers to the visual impression a home creates when seen from the street. As the initial point of contact for potential buyers, enhancing curb appeal is a common focus during staging consultations. Stagers often provide recommendations to elevate the exterior aesthetics of a property, making it more appealing to potential buyers.


Decluttering is the process of removing extra furniture, decorations, and personal items from a home/occupied staging to properly prepare it for sale.


De-personalizing is the process of eliminating personal items like family photos and religious artifacts that might hinder potential buyers from picturing themselves living in the home.


De-staging is when furniture and accessories are removed from a home after it has been sold.


See: Decluttering

Grace Period

Grace period refers to a period after the due date for mortgage payments where late fees are not incurred.

Home Stager 

Home stagers are skilled professionals who are experts at making a house attractive to a broad spectrum of potential buyers. 

Home Staging

Home staging is the act of preparing and showcasing residential or commercial properties for sale. The objective of home staging is to appeal to the widest audience possible to sell the house. In order to do this, home stagers depersonalize the space and use design elements that are as neutral and universally inviting as possible.

Hybrid Home Staging

Hybrid home staging is incorporating rental furniture with a homeowner’s belongings to create a lived-in look, enhancing its appeal without being overly personalized. Hybrid home staging can take your listing to the next level, and can even potentially increase your revenue.


An inspection is an assessment of the property’s condition. Typically, inspections focus on potential safety and structural problems, covering the exterior, electrical, roof, plumbing, water, and HVAC systems of the property.


Installation refers to the day of staging when a staging company puts all the pieces in place.

Listing Agent

A listing agent represents the seller’s interests in a real estate transaction by listing the house on the market, setting a competitive price, bringing in potential buyers, and providing expertise on the local housing market. A few responsibilities include marketing the property, showing the home, holding open houses, and helping to style the home for presentation.

Occupied Home Staging

Occupied home staging involves staging a home using the homeowner’s current furniture while they continue to reside in the property.


An offer is a buyer’s proposal to purchase a home. 

Photo Preparation

Photo preparation is the process of preparing a property for photography to showcase its best features. This may involve decluttering, organizing, and arranging furniture to present the home attractively in photographs for marketing purposes.

Pre-staging Consultation

A pre-staging consultation is an on-site visit conducted by staging professionals to provide recommendations and advice on preparing a home for sale. 

Property Preview

A property preview involves taking photos and measurements to create a furniture plan for staging the property, which is essential for generating the staging estimate.

Property Stylist

See: Home Stager


Redesign involves using the homeowner’s furniture and accessories, along with new items if needed, to refresh and update the home. This approach to interior decorating maximizes the existing belongings, giving the space a new look without necessarily buying additional items. 

Seller’s Agent

See: Listing Agent

Seller’s Market

A seller’s market benefits those aiming to sell real estate, and is characterized by rapid home sales, shortages of available homes and rising home prices. In a seller’s market, homeowners can easily sell their properties, while buyers may need to compete for available houses and enhance their offers to distinguish themselves.

Soft Staging

Soft staging is a version of home staging that does not include furniture. Instead, items and accessories such as painting, lamps and carpets are brought in to make the house feel warmer and more inviting.


Sourcing is the process of finding and obtaining the right furniture, decor items and accessory rentals for a staging job.


Transformation refers to the final result of a successful staging project. 

Vacant Home Staging

Vacant home staging is staging a home that is completely empty, using rented furniture and accessories.


A vignette refers to a thoughtfully arranged group of similar items strategically placed to evoke an emotional response and foster a connection with potential buyers. For instance, one vignette might include a stack of books, a decorative tray, and a vase of flowers, while another vignette may include a wine bottle, bottle opener, and wine glasses, creating a cohesive and appealing grouping designed to capture buyers’ attention.

Walk and Talk

A walk and talk involves a walkthrough consultation of the entire home, offering homeowners recommendations and advice.

photo booths

Photo Booths

Photo booth companies offer interactive and memorable experiences by capturing moments in time. When Joseph Nicéphore Niépce produced the first camera-made photograph in 1826-1827, he probably wasn’t thinking of a future with 360-degree photo booths or green screen backdrops that make the subject appear in outer space.

But photo booth companies have done just that, providing portable photo booth setups equipped with props, backdrops, and instant printing capabilities perfect for weddings, parties, corporate events, and other special occasions. With photo booths, guests can capture candid moments between loved ones and create personalized keepsakes to pin on their fridges or scrapbooks.


360-Degree Photo Booth

A 360-degree photo booth uses an array of cameras set up in a circle, or a rotating arm that automatically or manually spins the camera, to capture guests from all angles. It’s an incredible way to freeze a moment in time, and allows for immersive and panoramic pictures.

AR Photo Booth

An AR photo booth is equipped with augmented reality technology that adds digital elements or effects to enhance or modify the captured images.

“Cold” Spark Machines

“Cold” spark machines are special effects machines that produce a shower of sparks like “fireworks”, for a dazzling and safe visual display, without the use of fire or smoke. These machines are completely safe and often cold to the touch.

Digital Prints

Digital prints are electronic files of photo booth images, accessible for download, email, or online sharing. They provide users the flexibility to instantly share photos on social media, send them electronically, or use them in different digital formats.

DSLR Photo Booth

DSLR photo booths are equipped with a high-quality and high-powered camera designed to provide superior image quality, and life-like photos. These photo booths are ideal if you desire your photo booth images to possess the professional quality equivalent to traditional photographs.

GIF Photo Booth

GIF photo booths capture a series of images and turn them into an animated GIF, creating an entertaining, brief, and looping clip that is fun to share on social media and simple to create.

Green Screen Photo Booth

A green screen photo booth utilizes a neutral backdrop that allows guests at parties and events the creative freedom to enable various backgrounds or themes for photos.

Hashtag Printing

Hashtag Printing enables users to print photos directly from social media by using a designated hashtag. No photo booth is needed – just a printer! This method involves renting a printer, selecting a unique event hashtag, and encouraging guests to tag and share photos.

Inflatable Photo Booth

An inflatable photo booth is a portable photo booth that can be transported easily, enabling easy set up and take down. Perfect for outdoor events, and for withstanding various weather conditions. 

Instant Printing

Instant printing is the capability of a photo booth to produce prints immediately after the photos are taken, allowing guests to take home printed keepsakes instantly from a party. 

iPad Photo Booth

iPad photo booths are a cost-effective photo booth solution that utilizes your existing iPad, integrated into a specially designed booth kiosk. Using iPad photo booth software turns your iPad into a complete photo-capturing tool. This setup allows instant sharing on social media, eliminating the need for printed copies and facilitating real-time engagement at events.

Mirror Photo Booth

Mirror photo booths are cleverly disguised as full-length mirrors, offering an interactive and classy experience, allowing guests to pose together and customize their photos with backgrounds, stickers, emojis, and hashtags. While ideal for weddings, parties, and corporate events, they may be heavier and more challenging to set up compared to other photo booth options.

Old School Photo Booth

An old school photo booth is the traditional, classic “mall photo booth”, where guests cram into a small photo booth, and make a series of funny faces. 

Open Air Photo Booth

An open air photo booth is a popular, boothless photo station typically using a camera on a tripod or table. It offers a modern and interactive experience, allowing guests to take photos in an open space with a customizable backdrop. Ideal for larger groups and events, it can be enhanced with props and accessories, providing easy access and mobility.


Overlay is a digital layer or design applied to photos, often customizable to include event branding or additional graphics.

Physical Prints

Physical prints are printed copies of the photos taken by the photo booth, providing tangible keepsakes for users.

Photo Strip

A photo strip is a series of photos printed on a single strip, commonly produced by photo booths.


Props are accessories and items provided in the photo booth for users to pose with, adding fun and creativity to the photos.

Ring Lights

Ring lights are circular LED lights that provide even and flattering illumination for photos, reducing shadows and enhancing the quality of images.

Slow Motion Photo Booth

A slow motion photo booth captures and plays back videos in slow motion, adding a dynamic and entertaining element to the photo experience.

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Author: Reiland Brown